What You Need to Know About Diabetes

Screen Shot 2014-05-05 at 8.24.51 AMby Abimbola Fasusi, PA-C, MIPC Physician Assistant

The Basics

Diabetes Mellitus has become a common condition in today’s society. DM is a disorder caused by the body’s inability to produce or utilize insulin (a hormone that breaks down sugar in the body for energy).

Having persistently high glucose contributes to health problems such as heart disease, kidney dysfunction, and circulation issues. Although the etiologies of type 1 and type 2 diabetes differ dramatically, both lead to elevated levels of glucose.

Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst/hunger
  • Excessive urination
  • Weight gain
  • Skin infection/ Rash
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss (Type 1)
  • Young age (Type 1)

Prevention

Diabetes (Type 2) can be prevented by lifestyle and diet modification. Finding healthy alternatives to your snacks and incorporating exercise into your daily regimen is key. If you have a family history of hyperglycemia or heart disease, by starting early screenings and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can avoid complications. Complications such as: stroke, kidney failure, and heart disease to name a few.

If you have concerns or questions regarding DM, please visit one of our Metro locations and discuss them with your provider.

 

Sources:

Kishore P. Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Merck Manuals. October 2013.  Available at
http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine_and_metabolic_disorders/diabetes. Accessed date May 4, 2014